Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran sign deal key to free trade

Russia, Kazakhstan and Iran have signed a memorandum of understanding for cooperation in wheat trading, taking another step towards setting up a free trade zone.

The document was signed in Moscow Tuesday, bringing the countries closer to the free trade zone between Iran and the Eurasian Economic Union, which Russia has established with its neighbors.

“The memorandum is an integral part of the free trade zone agreement signed between the Eurasian Economic Union member states and Iran last year,” Kazakhstan’s Deputy Minister of Agriculture Gulmira Issayeva said.

Under the deal, Iran will import wheat for its private millers who will produce flour for export, her Iranian counterpart Ali-Akbar Mehrfard said.

Iran, he said, has enough wheat harvested inside the country to cover its needs but it can export Russian and Kazakh grain to other countries. Iranian private millers are not allowed to use domestic wheat for flour exports.

“In Iran, there is suitable infrastructure in the flour industry, which is twice as much as domestic demand. In addition, Iran’s wheat silage is at a good level, and we now have 5 million tonnes of flour trade,” Mehrfard said.

Kazakhstan has welcomed using Iran’s transit and logistics network to deliver its agricultural goods to customers, he said, adding the two countries are also working on wheat swap arrangements.

No volume has yet been set, with Mehrfard saying the issue is up to the private sectors to decide. He also said the memorandum does not specify the currency to be used but the countries can trade in their national money.

Last year, an Iranian official said the country was negotiating importing around 100,000 tonnes of Russian wheat per month to increase flour exports to neighboring Iraq.

“We have a little financial problem to resolve but after it we will be able to go through with the deal,” secretary general of the Iran Federation of Food Industry Associations Kaveh Zargaran said.

A Russian official said at the time that the talks were part of broader negotiations about a free trade zone between Iran and Russia.

Iran is in advanced talks about creating a free trade zone with the union, known as the EAEU.

Iran’s Ambassador to Moscow Mehdi Sanaei said on Friday he expected the Iranian parliament to ratify the free trade agreement with the EAEU “in the near future.”

“The agreement is very important for Iran because it opens the gates to a big market for our country, and also opens the Iranian market to Russia and northern countries,” Mehr news agency quoted him as saying.

The union aims to ensure the free movement of goods, services, capital and workers between the member states.

The EAEU was established in 2015 by Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus and later joined by Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. In 2016, Vietnam officially became the first non-regional country to join the bloc.

Russia’s First Deputy Minister of Industry Sergei Tsyb said last week that the EAEU would sign free trade agreements with Singapore, India and Egypt “in the near future.”

The bloc has also held negotiations with South Korea. According to Russia’s RT television, more than 40 countries and international organizations, including several South American states, have expressed interest in joining the EAEU.

Most world countries are currently a member of World Trade Organization (WTO) which is dominated by the United States.

Tsyb said WTO member states are currently using over 7,500 non-tariff measures such as quotas, licenses, restrictions and embargoes with respect to industrial goods.

Russia is coming under growing pressure from the West, including economic sanctions. Iran is also the target of the toughest sanctions announced by US President Donald Trump in May.

Iran discovers 40 new oil, gas fields

Iran has announced the discovery of about 40 new oil and gas fields and expects to start their development in the near future, said the head of the exploration department of the National Iranian Oil Company, Salef Hendi, on December 18.

Currently, Iran is conducting exploration for hydrocarbons of about 60 percent of its territory, including where, until recently, such searches were considered unpromising. As many as 14 blocks of newly discovered hydrocarbon deposits are ready for the tender.

One of these areas is the north-west of the country, where preliminary work revealed oil reserves. Hendy told reporters in Tehran that preliminary surveys of exploration department show that oil and gas fields can be found in the Bostanabad and Miyane regions in the province of East Azerbaijan.

“We will soon begin more detailed studies in these areas”, added Hendy.

In addition, in the province of Ardabil, a promising area of Mogan was identified, where pilot hydrocarbon production is already underway. In the Gulf of Oman, Iranian experts have discovered gas deposits at a depth of 800 m.

Hendy declared that Iran came out on top in the world in terms of oil and gas reserves.

“Just a few years ago, we were persuading foreign, particularly Chinese, companies to sell us certain types of drilling equipment, and now we fully provide ourselves with everything necessary in this area. With the return of U.S. sanctions, we are not faced with any problems, exploration for hydrocarbons goes on,” he concluded.

Iran ranks first in the world in terms of mastering the largest gas reserves. With a total volume of 188 trillion. cubic meters of natural gas reserves in the world, 34 trillion cubic meters refers to Iran’s recognized reserves, representing 18 percent of the total world reserves, 51 percent of the Middle East’s total reserves, and 40 percent of the total natural gas reserves of the oil-exporting countries (OPEC). Iran’s gas reserves are located in gas fields, gas caps, or oil fields.

Iran is among the countries that have many common oil and gas fields with neighboring countries. From the number of 28 common oil and gas fields of Iran with its neighbors, 18 fields are oil, 4 – gas, and 6 – both have oil and gas. So there are common oil fields with Iran and Kuwait, Qatar, Azerbaijan, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Turkmenistan. Some of Iran’s common gas fields with neighboring countries are the Salman (with Saudi Arabia), Mobarak (with the UAE), Hengam (with Oman), Farsi (with Saudi Arabia), Gunbadli (with Turkmenistan) and South Pars (with Qatar) fields.

South Korean company inks €720m deal to build carriages in Iran

Iranians and South Korean companies signed a contract worth €720 million to jointly build 450 rail carriages for use in suburban Tehran, an official said.

Hyundai Rotem, a South Korean manufacturer of rolling stock, signed the agreement with the Iranian Rail Industries Development Co (IRICO) in Tehran on Saturday, deputy head of the Islamic Republic of Iran Railways Babak Ahmadi was quoted as saying by Press TV.

Two-thirds of the carriages will be manufactured in Iran and the rest in South Korea which will also provide finance, Deputy Minister of Roads and Urban Development Saeed Mohammadzadeh said.

“The duration of the project is 78 months, and the first set of the carriages will be delivered in less than 1.5 years,” he said.

South Korea’s Eximbank signed a contract with Iranian banks in August to provide €8 billion ($9.4 billion) in loans for financing various projects by South Korean companies in Iran.

Mohammadzadeh said the contract also includes transfer of technology, enabling the state-owned Iranian company to manufacture rail carriages under license.

Tehran and other major Iranian cities are aggressively developing a mass-transit system in which metro transportation plays a vital role.

In July, French transport company Alstom signed a joint agreement for the construction of metro and suburban railroad cars in Iran.

Much of Iran’s transportation is road-based marked by high accident and casualty rates. Mohammadzadeh said with the completion of the new project, 70 million seats will be added to Iran’s rail fleet a year.

The Iranian government has placed the expansion of Iran’s rail network on top of its agenda to facilitate transportation, conserve hydrocarbon fuel and reduce air pollution and road traffic.

Iran’s Sixth Five-Year Development Plan (2017-22) has tasked the government with increasing the share of rail in cargo and passenger transportation from the current 12 percent and 8 percent to a minimum of 30 percent and 20 percent respectively by the end of the plan.

To arrive at this goal, Abbas Akhoundi, the Roads and Urban Development Minister has said that some $28 billion worth of investment is needed.

Cheap fuel prices in Iran, costing less than 10 percent of the global average, are the main reason for the popularity of road transportation in Iran.

Around 1.7 billion road trips are made in Iran annually, 700,000 of which pertain to suburban transportation.

In August, IDRO signed a €2.5 billion contract with Russia’s CJSC Transmashholding in Tehran for joint production of rolling stock in Iran.

Based on this contract a joint venture will be formed between IDRO and the Russian company with the Russian side holding an 80 percent stake and the Iranian side a 20 percent. Transmashholding CEO Kirill V. Lipa told said the signing of the contract that the capacity of the joint venture will depend on the depth of localization. “For assembling, we’re thinking about 300-400 units per year.”

What Are the Top Iranian Brands?

What are the top Iranian brands? That’s a good question!
The Iranian economy is different from the U.S., and that affects branding. Eighty-five percent of our economy is governmental, therefore our private sector is weak and very small.
Our country has the potential to be a very wealthy country, with rich resources in oil, gas, mines, nature, a vibrant history and, most importantly, a young, educated, eager population. Our current system does not maximize this potential. Brands are generated in competitive, creative environments, which we do not have in Iran.
We do have large companies in Iran, but no real Iranian brands. Even in the oil and gas industry, with a proud history going back 113 years, offers no effective brand. Our largest companies, without brands, are not well-known outside Iran, and even inside, have no positioning or personality:
1- Melli Bank Holding ($9 billion annual sales)
2- Khalije Fars Petrochemical ($8 billion annual sales)
3- Mellat Bank ($7.9 billion annual sales)
4- Ghadir Investment Company ($7 billion annual sales)
5- Iran Khodro Automotive ($6.8 billion annual sales)
6- Parsian Bank($6.7 billion annual sales)
7- Tejarat Bank($6.5 billion annual sales)
8- Parsian Oil and Gas Company($6.4 billion annual sales)
9- Oil Industry Retirement Fund ($6.1 billion annual sales)
10- Bandar Abbas Refinery Company($5.9 billion annual sales)

We don’t just lack Iranian brands, but American brands, too. Most American brands are forbidden in our country. We do have bootleg brands, like Pizza Hat and Mash Donalds. Brands from Europe and the Far East are well represented, including Sony, LG, Samsung, BMW, Benz, Hyundai, Unilever, Volvo, Renault, Philips, Peugeot, Mitsubishi, L’Oreál, Siemens, Panasonic, HP, Epson, and others.
Recent evidence suggests change is coming to Iran. How and when that will happen is anyone’s guess. Economic change, however, will open commercial opportunities that will benefit individual Iranians and the country as a whole. Iran has great potential as a market for brands.

Electronics industry in Iranian market

The electronic industry has unique features and is one of the most important industries in the world and in Iranian market. The most important features of the electronics industry are the following lines:
• Extremely high levels of gross global production and global trade
• Low energy consumption and low emissions production

• High added value compared to other industries
• Value-added growth
• Integrity and application in a wide range of industries
• Having highly defensive and powerful applications for countries

Study of the status of electronics industry in Iranian market and the world
According to the International Trade Center database in 2012, electronic industries’ value was close to $ 1.4 trillion of the global trade volume of the electronic industry. This is equivalent to 7.7 percent of global trade, which accounts for the third-largest global trade.
Electronic industry is one of the industries whose energy consumption is very low and produces very little pollution. According to data from the Toxicology List in the United States (TRI), the electronic industry is one of the cleanest industries in the country.
In terms of value added, these industries also have the highest ranking among the various industries. According to data released by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, in 2009, radio, television and communications industries had the highest added value among all the various industries. Also, the only industry with a positive growth rate was the same group, while other industries have experienced a decrease in their value added.
Electronics industry in Iranian market
The electronics industry is one of the basic industries and infrastructures, and so is the general industry in Iranian market. Nowadays, innovations are being made in many industries by e-mail in Iranian market. For example, today in global production of cars, about 30% of the total value of the car comes from its electronic equipment due to Iranian market and Iranian costumers. In general, the fields of application of electronic industries can be classified in the following 11 categories:
Microelectronics (includes three areas of design, construction and software);
• Electronic in the computer designed for Iranian market;
• Electronics in telecommunication and network designed for Iranian market;
• Consumer electronics for Iranian market (electronics in home appliances and audio and video …);
• Electronic in cars practiced for Iranian market (electronic cars, hybrids and electric);
• Electronics in the industry and automation of Iranian market (electronic parts of industrial machinery);
• Electronic in medical equipment building on needs of Iranian market;
• Electronic in practical energies in Iran and Iranian market (solar panels, wind power control systems, etc.);
• Electronic for military and spatial uses;
• Electronic in measuring and testing instruments of Iranian market;
• Electronic components designed for Iranian market (resistors, capacitors, transistors, etc.).
Also, the extensive defensive applications of this industry and its strategy for the security of nations of Iranian costumers have given this industry an additional weight. In such a way, without national security, security of nations will be very vulnerable. The set of these factors indicates that this industry has a very high status in today’s world and Iranian market and also plays an important role in the industrial, economic and security development of all countries especially in Iran and Iranian market.
In addition to the above sentences, some of Iranian market’s special features have added to the double importance of this industry. These features include:
• Low capital needed to create employment
• Relatively significant domestic market in Iranian market
• The presence of significant human resources in Iran and Iranian market

Features of Electronics Industry in Iran
The ratio of capital to employment in the electrical and electronic industries in Iranian market in 2011 is estimated at 38 million Tomans per each job. While in other industries such as cement this figure is 500 million Tomans in Iranian market, in petrochemical industry, this figure is equal to 410 million USD and in the iron and steel industry is 290 million USD rate in Iranian market. Therefore, by investing in this industry, it can create more employment in comparison with other industries in Iranian market, while at the same time aim is creating more value and developing Iranian markets technology.
The market volume of this industry in Iranian market is significant. The total volume of the electrical and electronic equipment market is estimated at nearly $ 15 billion, of which about half of it is related to the electronic industry in Iranian market. This will be much higher if unlocked markets such as car electronics are added.
On the other hand, a very high volume of graduates in the field of electrical and computer engineering, which has the potential for employment in the electronic industry, has provided an unwanted capacity for the development of this industry in Iranian market. In 2010, at the associate’s degree, 54.7%, in the master’s degree, 42%, in the master’s degree, 28.7%, and in the 26.1% of the total number of undergraduate students in engineering and engineering in electrical and Computer have been practiced this significant for Iranian market.

World Trade Volume
More than 70% of the $ 2.338 billion global electronic and electronic equipment trade in 2012 has been ranked in the 10 product groups, including “Integrated Circuits” and “Telecommunication Equipment” alone accounted for nearly 40% of global trade in 2012. The importance of Electronic projects is clear for Iranian costumers and Iranian market.
Iran localize team is proudly announced that by speaking of experience this major is one among of many which can be beneficial if you choose your road map carefully. We are here to help you to do so.

Why Are Persian Rugs So Expensive?

In the world of carpeting, Persian rugs stand above all the rest. These are the luxury sports cars of the rug industry, and they typically cost in the thousands of dollars. There are many reasons why this type of rug is so expensive.

Artistic Value

Persian rugs have been in existence for over 2,500 years. During that time, these rugs have become a type of art that reflects the Persian culture and history. Authentic Persian rugs are hand-made, so each one is a masterpiece created by an artist who uses traditional motifs and scenes to express their own culture. When buying a Persian rug, you are buying the equivalent of a beautiful painting or a sculpture.

Complex Design and Structure

Persian rugs are made of thousands of tiny knots, all done by hand. The images and designs you see on the rugs are created solely through the placement of knots in colored threads, in specific patterns. Most Persian designs contain curved designs, and curved-design weaving is considered to be much more difficult to achieve well than simple geometric patterns.

The knot work is considered a craft that few can master. Getting knots to be dense and lush, while still maintaining the pattern, is a difficult goal to accomplish. The more knots the weaver can get into each square inch, the clearer and more beautiful the image will be, so buying a rug from a master weaver, who can charge more, means getting a more beautiful rug.

High-Quality Materials

Another reason that Persian rugs can be so expensive is the quality of the materials used. Persian rugs are typically made from natural plant or animal fibers, such as silk, wool, cotton, jute, and sisal. These fibers last much longer than synthetic fibers, stay clean easier, don’t tend to fade as quickly, and are typically better for the air quality in the room. In fact, man-made materials like nylon, acrylic, and viscose, have been shown to increase issues with allergies.

Because natural fibers can’t be controlled the way artificial fibers can be, this also means that each and every Persian rug will be a unique creation. No two rugs can look exactly alike because the natural fiber will always have discrepancies in the coloring.

Other Considerations

There are a few other things that can make one Persian rug more expensive than another. For example, if a Persian rug is much older, but in great condition, this is treated more like a rare piece of preserved art, and can be very pricey. The country the rug comes from is another important factor in determining its worth. Turkish rugs have more value than a Persian rug made in India, for example.

Finding the perfect Persian rug is like hunting for a signature masterpiece, so be sure to take your time as you navigate the market for these dazzling home décor items.

Iran a Major Olive Producer

With around 84,000 hectares of olive orchards and an annual production of 100,000 tons, Iran is ranked by the International Olive Council as 14th in the world in terms of area under olive cultivation and 17th in terms of production, the Ministry of Agriculture’s head of the Expansion and Improvement of Olive Orchards Group, Mahmoud Emami.

Iran shares many geographical characteristics and common historical roots with Mediterranean countries, which are home to the major known cultivars of olive. It lies in Eastern Mediterranean, the cradle of ancient civilizations and the possible birthplace of the olive tree.

The early history of olive tree in Iran is shrouded in uncertainty, but olive is mentioned in ancient Iranian religious hymns dating back 2,000 years. This is how olive production in Iran is explained on the IOC website.

Unrivaled Quality

“The quality of Iran’s olive and olive oil is unrivaled owing to the country’s distinctive climate. Olive tree is subtropical and so are most regions in Iran. Olive trees are exposed to direct sunlight for a prolonged period of time here, which is considered a comparative advantage for olives cultivated in our country,” Emami told in an exclusive interview.

Per capita annual olive conserve and olive oil consumption in Iran, according to Emami, stand at 850 grams and 140 grams, whereas the global average is 360 grams and 430 grams respectively.

“The Olive Group initiated the Olive Project in the fiscal March 1993-94 with the aim of meeting a portion of domestic demand for vegetable oils and increase the share of olive oil (which stood at 20-30 grams per capita that year) in the basket of Iranian households. So far, we have been successful, yet we are not in an ideal situation,” he said.

The official noted that last year, close to 5,700 tons of olive oil were produced in the country and nearly the same amount was imported to meet the domestic demand of over 11,000 tons.

“Unfortunately, olive oil is smuggled into Iran, but the exact amount has yet to be announced,” he said.

Production Higher Than Global Average

Emami further said Iran’s average production per hectare, which is 2,300 kilograms, exceeds the global average amounting to nearly 1,900 kilograms, yet compared with the capacity created by the climate, the domestic performance is not satisfactory.

“Among the impediments in the way of production is that our farmers lack the latest know-how in olive cultivation. Poor farming methods decrease production. Out of the 84,000 hectares of olive cultivars in Iran, 60% have fruit-bearing trees,” he said.

“To overcome this hurdle, we have held and continue to hold special courses to educate farmers on how watering, pruning, grafting and fighting pests must be done in a way that production is increased and resources, including water and soil as well as fertilizers, are used efficiently.”

Another issue, Emami said, is that there is no well-organized and disciplined union or association through which farmers and owners of oil extraction factories can convey their needs and problems to officials in charge.

Factories Working at Half Capacity

Agricultural Ministry’s Director General of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits Department Abolqasem Hassanpour told Financial Tribune that 70% of domestic production are used to make olive conserves and the remaining 30% go to oil extraction factories.

“There are 87 processing and oil extraction factories in the country that work at 50% of their capacity at best, since production is not enough due to the water crisis,” he said.

“Global production of olives stands at 17 million tons [per year]. Our production amounts to around 100,000 tons, from which 65,000 tons of conserves are produced. Imports of olives, fresh or processed, are banned as are the majority of fruits. This is a precaution taken by the government to prevent the transmission of pests and infectious agents (pathogens) into the country.”

Hassanpour said the Agriculture Ministry plans to increase land under olive cultivation by 50,000 hectares within the next five years.

“We aim to use modern methods to develop and improve 40,000 hectares of existing orchards within the same period,” he said.

“The main hubs producing olives in Iran are the provinces of Gilan, Qazvin, Zanjan, Fars and Markazi. The industry has created more than 300,000 direct and indirect jobs. By injecting liquidity and working capital in the olive business, we can expand orchards and increase production, and create even more jobs.”


The Iranian Plastic Industry, an opportunity for global communication

This short article has added the look of an industrial magazine to the Iranian market, which is worth reading especially for the marketing in Iran for foreign market values (here the AMI Institute) practices the Iranian market. Of course, some of the information is not correct (for example, the automotive industry is 10% of gross domestic product) and there is not much information on it. One point that can be learned from this lesson is that the Iranian costumers do not give enough information about their marketing due to expand marketing in a global level,

which makes it possible to look for opportunities to work with others of course with correct and enough data due to marketing in Iran, it is very important that the associations Various national and regional sectors have parts to produce information and update them and use them to negotiate with foreign companies that are now interested in Iranian market.
The end of the UN sanctions last year has spurred Iran’s economy and created a potentiality for the growth of the plastic sector for marketing in Iran. In this report, the review of the Iranian market is from AMI’s perspective.
The lifting of the United Nations special sanctions in 2016 (after a decade of investment and limited trade opportunities) means that Iran can now trade more freely with the international community and as the largest market for entry into the global economy, provide real potential for exporters in most sectors, including plastic materials and machinery in Iranian market. Commercial opportunities for marketing in Iran are due to many features that are:
• A population of about 80 million people (the second largest country in the Middle East after Egypt);
• Young population (60% of the population is estimated to be under the age of 30);
• Highly educated labor force;
• Abundant natural resources;
• Strategic position between western and eastern markets.
In 2016, the European Union exported more than 2.8 billion euros to Iranian market, up 27.8 percent from the previous year. Exports mainly consisted of machinery and transport equipment, chemicals and manufactured goods. EU imports from Iranian market have risen by almost 350%, although three-quarters have been related to petroleum products.
Among the biggest commercial advances by advertising in Iranian market, the contract with Airbus and Boeing aircraft manufacturers for delivery of about 200 aircraft to Iran and an agreement with the French automaker for the production of Peugeot Citroen (PSA) with an investment of 400 million euros with the participation of 50/50 Iranian companies have taken place. Recently, the French Total Oil Company, with the National Iranian Oil Company, has contracted to develop two oilfields with more than 30 oil wells. According to Total, the project value is estimated at 1.9 billion euros.
Plastic production
Foreign investment in Iranian market is expected to be an important opportunity for further development of petrochemical and plastic industries. Iran is currently a major oil and gas superpower with many of the suspended projects since the UN sanctions have been imposed in 2006, yet it still has a huge potential as a supplier of raw materials and polymers. It is expected to grow significantly with emerging partnerships and development plans to increase production after the lifting of sanctions, petrochemicals and plastics. Many global companies are eager to enter Iran’s markets and have made initial travels to provide ground for participation or investment for marketing in Iran. Based on the vision of the government of Iran until 2025 for the country’s economic growth and development, the country is seeking to become the largest petrochemical producer in the region and also the main supplier of downstream products such as paints, polymers and composites for companies which are or wish to be active in Iranian market.
The plastic industry is attractive
German sales manager Hans Weber, pointing to the desire of Iranians to grow and use new technologies, said: Good capacities in the Iranian plastic market are found for foreign companies. In this case marketing in Iran is not only a target for Germans but also for others. The important factor that has to be considered is companies need to have enough data and understanding out of Iranian market and they need to target this market with arranged advertisement in Iran. Tillo Ungern said at the 9th Iran International Plastic industry in a conversation with Shana’s correspondent, referring to the 20-year presence of the German company’s machinery in the Iranian market, there are now 20 to 35 old Weber companies in the lineup of Iranian companies. He added: “We will be attending the Iranian Plastic industry for the first time, but earlier in the past, I was attending a visit with my exclusive representative in Iran. Weber’s sales director said: “I hope that in the future we will see the presence of more European companies at the Iranian market exhibition and the Iranian Polymer and Plastic Market. “I think, given the existing capacity in the Iranian plastic market, we can see a clear future for the polymer and plastic industry in Iran,” Ungran said.
He added: Iranians are always looking for new machines and technologies, so there are many capacities in the Iranian market for companies which are active in the field of polymer and plastics. Weber GmbH, a manufacturer of extruders, has been operating in this field since 1920, and all parts and components of Weber’s machinery are manufactured with 300 specialist staff and produced in Germany.

Investigate the capacities of the stone industry in the Iranian market’s economy

Considering the natural and geological potential of various types of decorative stones in Iranian market and the existence of a potential for marketing inside and outside Iran, it seems that by solving the bottlenecks in the development of the stone industry, the prosperity of this indecisive industry can be helped. The production and consumption of decorative and facade stones in Iranian market has a long history. The use of rocks in the first millennia of the formation of civilization in the land of Iran as construction stones and as decorative stones inside traditional buildings shows a great overview out of importance of stone industries for marketing in Iran.

Remaining of the use of such rocks in Persepolis, Pasargad, Takht-e-Solomon, and many Sassanid buildings and Islamic buildings are spread throughout the country to this day.
Because of the diversity of geological events and the relative slackness of different rocks due to the insignificant cover of the forests and soils, the land of Iran has a high capacity of a variety of decorative and facade stones to practice and enter Iranian market, including soft-cutting rocks and hard-cutting rocks. This abundance allows Iranian market to gain a significant place in the domestic and global markets. The geographic location of Iran is also very suitable for obtaining foreign markets. Because the Persian Gulf states have fewer opportunities to expand their mining and heavy industries, including the rock industry, due to limited geological guides, and the European and Far East countries have fewer opportunities for expanding their mining and heavy industries, and finally, because of the high cost of energy and labor, They do not have a relative like Iran to develop this industry not only for marketing in Iran but also for global marketing. Therefore, Iran can produce and also have a better market for the boom of the downstream industries of decorative and facade stones for export and also import.
Although many of the activities of extraction, processing and sale of domestic and foreign stone of Iran were carried out by the private sector without the government’s planned support, the Iranian market of stone in the last three decades has gradually increased its production, processing, and production capacities. Technology in the internal and external dimensions has enjoyed a good boom.
Based on what has been mentioned the Department of Economics Research reports on the political affairs in line with the approvals of the Resistance Committee and its roadmap for supporting domestic production and examining the capacities of employment creation and export support out of Iranian market. The thirty-first meeting was held on “Investigating the Capacities of the Stone Industry in Economics Country “. The meeting was held on Monday, October 17, 2012 with Raheem Alijani, chairman of the Economic and Export Commission of the Iranian Rock Association, and Mohammad Hassan Rajabalian, Executive Secretary of this Association.
One-off boom in Iran’s rock industry
In the last 10 to 15 years, a good number of Iran’s rocky factories and mines have been equipped with technology to improve the quality and export not only for marketing in Iran but also for global marketing, but they have not been able to use it properly as they should and, However, before the eleventh government, Iran’s stone industry faced a false boom for a number of reasons. These factors combined to create a false prosperity in Iran’s rock industry before the eleventh government, while this boom created many capacities in the rock industry for marketing in Iran, or rather, the demand generated in the rock industry was due to capacity Created in the years before 2013. Before the eleventh government and during the boom, it is possible to say that about 140 million square meters of building permits were exported per square meter, approximately one square meter of stone was used, which is in the years 92 and 93 to 40 to Around 50 million square feet fell to one third of the demand, and there was almost a recession in the stone industry and the building industry-dependent, and in this case they thought that the only way to use this additional capacity was to create and remain on the ground due to problems of this industry for marketing in Iran.
The need of attention to the lateral industries
The stone industry severely degrades the environment, and unfortunately, without any strategy, we are turning it into a dusty soil with the aim of expanding exports or increasing production in the most beautiful parts of the country where mines are present, Dissolve 100 tons of extracted stones and demolish the environment. These wastes are very valuable, and if we can convert them into powdered stones, they will have a very high added value, a product that has a strategic application in the world and it is required by the side industry, but without regard to this fact, we pass it easily we also severely disrupt the environment by neglecting important factors due to region and paying attention only to marketing in Iran and global marketing.
Iranian entry to global markets
After creating a record in the rock industry in Iranian market, due to reduced demand and additional capacity, the Iranian rock industry, before 1395, had an export volume of $ 170 million, which is expected to reach $ 350 million by the end of this year. Of course, Iran’s stone industry strives to increase its share of world markets by 10 percent, 2.5 (two and a half) billion dollars by 1399, based on a strategic document and strategy focusing on the establishment of export consortia and fundraising funds.

Iranian carpets still hold own on international markets

Despite recent technological advances, Iran’s traditional carpet industry still appears to maintain its competitive edge.

“What we do is an art, and art does not die,” Halit Keremi, an Iranian carpet maker, told Anadolu Agency.

Hand-woven Persian rugs have a worldwide reputation due to their high quality and value.

It takes almost two years from two people to weave a six-square meter Persian carpet. It is made by transferring wool trimmed from sheep into twines and dying them before weaving them into carpets.

Once this process is over, webs are attached to the rugs and put on display for sale.

The Persian rug is a big business in the Islamic Republic.

According to estimates by the Iranian Industry Ministry, Iran produces around 400 tons of hand-woven carpets annually, the sweeping majority of which are exported to world countries.

One of Iran’s top exports, the rug business employs around 2.5 million people in the country.

“Iran earns some $400 million through hand-woven carpets,” Firiste Destpak, the head of Iranian National Carpet Center, said.

The carpet business dates back to the founding of the Persian Empire more than 2,500 years ago, in which master weavers have passed down their skills for generations.

-Valuable Rugs

The carpet industry was recently placed in the second round of sanctions imposed by the U.S. on Iran after the former withdrew from a 2015 nuclear deal with Tehran.

“Sales have recently declined due to the rising cost of materials and falling value of the local currency,” Huseyin Cihani, an Iranian carpet maker, told Anadolu Agency.

Praising the high value of Persian rugs, Cihani said he has an 80-year-old carpet in his own store.

“Although it has been used for 80 years, it looks brand new,” he said. “A carpet can easily be used for 100 years.”

“The manufactured carpets are relatively popular due to their cheap prices, however, those who are aware of the quality and value of hand-woven rugs will not prefer the manufactured ones, no matter how cheap they are.”

Daryush Hatif, another rug maker, said they export to Canada, but imports from countries as Pakistan and India have affected their rug exports.

“To us, the manufactured carpets are more expensive than the hand-woven,” he said.

“Chemical materials are used [for mass-produced carpets] whereas the hand-woven rugs include straight wool,” he said.”The cost caused by the carpets produced by chemical materials is far superior. There is not much difference in terms of price.”